High Blood Pressure seems to sneak up on us more and more. Most people would be unaware of having High Bloodpressure, unless they have been tested.
Signs and symptoms of early onset Hypertension are virtually none.
Headaches, dizziness, blurred vision or shortness of breath are some symptoms attributed to Hypertension, but most of the time you would have found out about your problems before symptoms manifest.
Hypertension has been with us forever, but it may have become worse.
Possible reasons are our hectic lifestyle, stress, fast food, and being overweight.
Obviously not all Hypertension problems are related to lifestyle, other serious problems can be the cause of that. This is another reason, why you should have some routine check up from time to time.
The good news is, that about 90–95% of Hypertension cases are categorised as "primary hypertension," which means high blood pressure with no obvious medical cause.
Why is that good?
Admittedly, it's not all good, but it is an indication, that lifestyle may have caused your problem, which may indicate, a "Lifestyle Change" may be able to get you down into a healthy range once again.
Medical treatment is a quick option, usually some form or combination of Bloodpressure related drugs will quickly bring down your bloodpressure to a normal level. However, it is not a cure, you are more or less condemned to stay on it for the rest of your life.
Hopefully, this will encourage you to take some positive steps for your Health, which ultimately will improve your general health as well as lower your blood pressure.
Will lifestyle improvement work for everyone ?
It will always improve your general wellbeing, but sometimes it will only lower bloodpressure marginally.
We are all different, but, if you are overweight, just that fact by itself can be the cause of your Hypertension.
Lets look at some more specific definition of Hypertension first.
Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is defined as an average or sustained systolic blood pressure (SBP) over 140 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) over 90 mmHg.
Systolic blood pressure is the blood pressure in vessels during a heart beat. (the higher reading)
Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure between heartbeats. (the lower reading )
Persons with hypertension are four times more likely to experience a major cardiovascular event (e.g., myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, congestive heart failure) and high blood pressure is believed to contribute to 75% of all strokes and heart attacks.
Chronic Hypertension is attributed to a shorted lifespan.
Research suggests, that it is beneficial to keep blood pressure in it's normal range of systolic 115-120 - diastolic 70-80.
Primary Hypertension - Essential or Aterial has no obvious medical cause.
Secondary Hypertension (Non-Essential) is caused by conditions that affect the kidneys, arteries, heart or endocrine system.
Before you do anything else, make sure you get a proper diagnosis by a Medical Practitioner.
Hypertension Risk Factors:
We hardly ever can avoid all risk factors, however becoming aware will do a lot towards recognising those factors, changing them and staying healthy.
Major causative factors and risk factors that can contribute to the incidence of hypertension include the following:
Family history of hypertension - Existing cardiovascular disease (e.g., atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolaemia)
Insulin resistance - Obesity - Renal (Kidney) disease - Toxic chemical exposure - Cadmium and/or lead toxicity - Diabetes
Snoring & obstructive sleep apnoea - Stress - Chronic heavy alcohol use - Long term use of Non Steroidal Anti
Inflammatories (NSAIDs) - Oral contraceptives - Hormone replacement therapy - Heavy coffee drinking (5 cups or more
per day) - Smoking - high (real) liquorice intake - High sodium intake - High carbohydrate intake - Food sensitivities
- allergies - Low fibre intake - Male gender Age over 55 - Sedentary lifestyle - Mood disorders, particularly depression,
anxiety and repressed anger.
Ageing and associated behaviours are a major contributing factor :
Less movement - over eating - over weight - stress - alcohol - no exercise - negative attitude -worries.