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Hemp Plastics

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Article by Paul Benhaim

Hemp Foods Australia - hemp seeds, hemp oil and hemp protein Profile | Email | Website
Hemp Foods Australia - hemp seeds, hemp oil and hemp protein Australian Certified Organic Hemp Seeds, hemp oil and hemp protein are all made in Australia.
Established since 1999, Hemp Foods Australia has been the premiere supplier of hemp seeds and oils with it's manufacturing base in Northern NSW.

Hemp seeds are a superfood - high in omega 3 and 6 and 9 essential fatty acids (EFAs), high quality digestible protein (33%) & other minerals.
PO Box 1069
Mullumbimby
NSW
Australia 2482
02 6687 1260

What hemp is.

Hemp is a variety of non-drug cannabis grown legally in many countries around the globe. China has been the largest producer of hemp until recent years when Canada and Australia are rapidly catching up. Plastics are defined as "substances that can be moulded". Usually, 'plastic' refers to petro-chemical based compounds. Oil is the basis for most plastic production and is an unfortunately limited world resource. Hemp plastic can therefore simply be defined as 'any mouldable substance that uses hemp as a composite'.

Hemp plastic was discovered by Henry Ford. There is a well known pic/video of Henry Ford hitting a model-T with an axe and the axe head rebounding was a ways of demonstrating the potential for plastics based on composite fibre. The exact nature of the material is not known.

Polypropylene has characteristics that have made it the most common plastic in use today. The initial product manufactured from hemp plastic was the 'High-Fly" Frisbee. Annual plastic consumption around the globe has increased from somewhere around 5 million tonnes in the 50's, to a huge 100 million tonnes in recent years. A single tonne of plastics produces 20,000 2 litre drink bottles or 100,000 carrier bags. A household dustbin today contains around 7% plastic.

Apart from fibre production, PP is mostly used for injection moulding. However, PP blended with hemp fibre - despite improving the tensile strength and heat resilience of the plastic - is a generally more expensive choice.

From 2011, larger new production facilities have allowed for the manufacture of hemp reinforced PP, polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and PolyLactic acid (PLA) in a more cost-efficient process. Commonly, the hemp proportion of the plastic can be from 50% (the usual blend) up to 80% in some materials. Using PLA as a base for hemp plastic produces a 100% biodegradable product.

Hemp plastics in their various forms can be used to manufacture:

GPS units

Smartphones

Laptops

Electrical points

Cookware handles

Lamps

Toys

Railway industry

Water supply materials

Gardening Equipment

Many other household items

If PC/ABS,  PP reinforced glass-fibre and heat-resistant ABS materials are required, hemp provides a lower cost composite material with superior attributes. Flame retardant hemp plastic is easily manufactured with the benefit of requiring fewer toxic additives than in regular plastic manufacture. New developments have allowed the blending of rice starch and blow moulding techniques are currently being developed. With the manufacture of plastic bags and bottles out of hemp plastic a prospect for the near future. Currently, corn starch is the source for this type of plastics production.

Hemp plastic granules are a relatively new resource, the hemp industry is set to expand significantly as a result - especially with respect to the ever increasing price of oil and its reducing availability - hemp crops are sustainable with production prices stable. Our reliance on oil and overproduction of CO2 are two ways in which the use of hemp plastics can help avoid world pollution problems.

Hemp plastic products can be made with the same injection moulding machinery as conventional plastics. To see a product made from 100% hemp, visit www.hempplastic.com and see the didgeridoos there. This material is very strong and contains no resins or glues. The commercial potential for these patented innovative plastics has not yet been discovered. The near future may bring vehicles that can resist strong impacts, like the model-T that Henry Ford swung an axe at all those years ago.

More on hemp plastics: www.hempplastic.com 

17 Aug 2011

Article/Information supplied by Paul Benhaim

Disclaimer - Any general advice given in any article should not be relied upon and should not be taken as a substitute for visiting a qualified medical Doctor.

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